Botox: when the bad becomes good

Clostridium Botulinum is a bacteria that releases a highly dangerous toxin that can paralyse the body by blocking the connection between the nerve endings and the muscles, causing even death.

However, Science has been able to modify this potentially lethal weapon and convert it into a versatile therapeutical tool.
Isolated and purified in 1928, the botulinum toxin was first used in medicine in 1980 to cure strabismus and blepharospasm (involuntary twitch of the eyelid). The toxin was “weakened” in order to limit rather than block the muscles action.
In 1993, almost by chance, it was also found that the toxin was able to reduce sweating.

Botox: when the bad becomes good

Botox (Boutulinum toxin A) is widely known for its use in the treatment of wrinkles (by temporarily inactivating the underlying muscles for 3-4 months). It is the most requested facial cosmetic treatment, followed by the use of fillers, a subject that I will cover in another article.

Botox has many other medical indications such as Achalasia (a swallowing problem), Strabismus, Torticollis, Voice disorders, excessive sweating, anal fissures, Vaginismus (spasms of the vaginal muscles) and lately skin wound healing.